GLOSSARY OF POPULAR POT TERMS AND THEIR EFFECTS
Broken Down So You Can Actually Understand Them…
Commonly known as marijuana, Cannabis is the Latin name for the Marijuana plant.
Cannabis is often consumed for its psychoactive and psychotropic effects, which can include heightened mood or euphoria, relaxation, and an increase in appetite. When too much is consumed at one time, unwanted side-effects can sometimes include a decrease in short-term memory, dry mouth, impaired motor skills, reddening of the eyes, and feelings of paranoia or anxiety.
THC, CBD, CBN, CBC, CBG and about 80 other chemicals are all in a class of compounds known as cannabinoids, found in abundance in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids are responsible for many of the effects of cannabis consumption and have important therapeutic benefits. We will do our best to break them down for you here.
Delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC):
The main psychoactive component of the cannabis plant.
THC has been shown in clinical research to have mild to moderate pain relieving effects and cannabis may be useful for the treatment of pain by altering neurotransmitter levels from its action on the Cannabinoid receptors. The amount of THC present in a marijuana plant will be a primary factor for determining its effects, including but not limited to relaxation, alteration of visual, auditory, and smell senses, fatigue, and appetite stimulation. (Read More Button Here) …
When inhaled (smoked or vaporized) THC passes from the lungs directly into the bloodstream. From the bloodstream, it is carried to the brain and other organs in the body which ultimately produces that “high feeling.”
When ingested (eaten) THC undergoes metabolization by the liver into the more psychoactive 11-hydroxy-THC. Edibles are known to produce a stronger, longer lasting and slightly different effect because of this conversion.
Is one of at least 60 active cannabinoids identified in the cannabis plant and is considered to have a wider scope of medical applications than its psychoactive brother tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Research has suggested that cannabis plants enriched with CBD may be effective for treating diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, colitis, liver inflammation, heart disease and diabetes. It may also provide relief for chronic pain due to muscle spasticity, convulsions and inflammation. (Offering relief for patients with MS, Fibromyalgia and Epilepsy.) Some researchers feel it provides effective relief from anxiety-related disorders.
CBD has also been linked to inhibited cancer cell growth when injected into breast and brain tumors in combination with THC. (Read More Button Here) …
Unlike THC, CBD has no psychoactive effect. This is because CBD blocks the CB1 cannabinoid receptors and prevents THC from activating them. CB1 receptors are found in high concentrations in the brain and are the pathways responsible for the psychoactive effects of THC. Because of this action, CBD has been known to reverse the intoxicating effects of THC.
An orally-administered liquid containing a CBD extract from Charlotte’s Web has received orphan drug status in the United States, for use as a treatment for dravet syndrome (severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy). It has been known to seriously reduce seizures in children and countless tests are being conducted to better understand the many usages of this medicine.
IMPORTANT: Both CBD and THC do not have an established lethal dosage (LD). However, to reduce potential unwanted side effects, medical and recreational users may be better off using cannabis strains with higher levels of CBD.
Is an oxidative degradation product of THC (breakdown product). It may result from improper storage, curing or extensive processing. It is usually formed when THC is exposed to UV light, oxygen or heat over time. CBN has some psychoactive properties, but is predominantly a CB2 receptor agonist (bodily active) with only roughly 10% of the psycho-activity of THC.
It is thought by researchers to increase the dizziness and disorientation users of cannabis may experience and may cause feelings of grogginess and reduction in heart rate.
This is a rare, non-psychoactive cannabinoid, usually found at low levels (<1%) when present.
Research conducted suggests CBC has anti-depressant effects, upwards of 10 times those of CBD. It has also been shown to increase the pain-relieving and sedative effects of THC.
Is also a non-psychoactive cannabinoid but unlike (CBC), is quite commonly found in cannabis. CBG-acid is the precursor to both THC-acid and CBD-acid in the plant and is usually found at low levels (<1%).
Research has demonstrated both pain relieving and inflammation reducing effects, as well as reduction of intraocular pressure that is associated with glaucoma. CBG has also been shown to have antibiotic properties and to inhibit platelet aggregation which can slow the rate of blood clotting.
Sources: (Wikipedia (Reference, Definition of THC and CBD); Medical Jane (Reference: Article, An Introduction To Marijuana Edibles: What You Should Know About Ingesting Cannabis; Pure Analytics ™ (Reference: Article, Medicinal Cannabinoid FAQ: What are THC, CBD, CBN, CBC and …?); MacMillan Dictionary)
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.